What sleep disruption does to your body


We pass about one third of our lives sleeping, not as a matter of choice, but as a matter of compulsion. Almost each one of us must have witnessed that a problem at night is resolved in the morning after the committee of sleep has worked on it. We do inch forward in making the discoveries in the realms of sleep sciences, except little baby step by baby step. Much is left to be explored in the mysterious and seemingly bizarre world of sleep. Sleep is a reversible quiescent state with a distinct species-specific posture. For its property of being arousable, sleep is a far cry from coma or severe hypothermia. During sleep, the sensitivity to environmental stimuli is reduced and the sleeping animal is not as calmly aroused as a wakeful animal. Also, sleep is homeostatically regulated by super-efficient and poorly understood controls of body; if wakefulness is stretched for long periods, it will lead to an increase in some aspect of subsequent episode of sleep.

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Recent advances in treatment of autoimmune diseases


Since its formal conceptualization in the 1940s, autoimmune disorders have attracted immersive debates from medical professionals, researchers, philosophers, social theorists and anthropologists. Through all these decades of untiring efforts, the understanding of the operational elements of autoimmunity has proved to be labyrinthine task, and current familiarity with the underlying disharmony represents the tip of the iceberg. Though many etiological theories have attracted the eyeballs, in the current context, autoimmune disorders are believed to arise due to molecular mimicry and hygiene hypothesis.

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Autoimmune Disease: When the Body Starts Fighting Itself


Autoimmune disease is a medical condition that is caused when immune system defects lead the body damage its own organs, tissues and cells. More than 80 autoimmune diseases are known1, chronic and disabling in nature, requiring lifelong care. They often endure crippling and exhausting symptoms, loss of function of the damaged organ or tissue, lessened productivity, high medical expenses, and heavy burden on the society. Usually the ball sets rolling in early years of life, or before birth, but the symptoms may present during different years.

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The ADHD roller coaster


Attention deficit disorder (ADD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) both limit a person's ability to concentrate and stay focused on daily, mundane tasks like schoolwork, interactions with friends and family, brushing teeth and doing the laundry. Person is easily distracted by inconsequential noise, sight, activity, or any event that others do not feel worth noticing, and quickly switches from one activity to another, like a machine on move.

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Obsession with healthy eating can be pathological


Do you belong to the army of food faddists who confirm ingredients, calories and macro and micro nutrient contents of menu items in advance of stepping in a restaurant? You are not alone! Until recently, being terribly selective in making the food choices was a healthy trend to follow. Those who unfailingly kept accurate track of every calorie they consumed, and obsessively scanning latest published reports of food science resonated with the educated and the elite. The statute of salad executed the easy-going food lovers. Preoccupation with eating healthy food and selected nutrients gradually spread across cultures and continents.

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Rituximab therapy for autoimmune blood disorders


Autoimmune hematological diseases are conditions where the body’s immune system produces antibodies that attack and damage specific proteins and blood cells in the bloodstream.

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Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory condition that occurs as a result of an autoimmune process caused by the immune system. Antibodies are produced which attack the normal tissue covering the joints, called the synovium, and this results in persistent inflammation which results in swelling and leads to damage of the involved joints. The most commonly involved joints are those of the wrists, hands and fingers. Not only are joints involved, but so are other areas of the body such as the eyes, heart, lungs, blood vessels and the skin.

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Autoimmune hemolytic anemia is a blood disorder where the body’s immune system produces proteins called antibodies that attack the surfaces of red blood cells causing them to rupture open.

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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a degenerative neurological condition, whose incidence seems to be rising. A 2015 study from Norway found that the incidence had increased 10-fold over a 40-year time period, and currently affects around 200 in every 100,000 people [1]. Multiple sclerosis affects the myelin sheath surrounding nerve fibres. Myelin acts as in insulator, with neural signals ‘jumping’ insulated areas, thus allowing the signal to pass more rapidly along nerve fibres. When myelin is destroyed by Multiple sclerosis, signals pass much more slowly.

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Viral infections and Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia


Autoimmune hemolytic anemia is a blood disorder that is characterized by the production of antibodies by the immune system of the body which attack and destroy red blood cells in the bloodstream.1

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