Following specialists treat Alzheimer Disease. Help us improve our data based on your experience.
Specialty scores for Alzheimer Disease
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic, slowly progressive, irreversible neurodegenerative disorder characterized by memory and cognitive decline severe enough to interfere with a person's daily, social, and/or occupational life. It is the most common cause of dementia in the elderly, accounting for 60% to 70% of all cases.
The exact cause is unclear. However, the following genetic and environmental factors might incite the disease cascade in Alzheimer:
The history should be ideally obtained from a close relative as these patients lack awareness of their symptoms, a condition called anosognosia.
Early symptoms of AD include:
As the disease advances, the patient experiences following symptoms:
The diagnosis of AD relies on clinical and neuropathologic features.
To date, there is no cure for AD. The symptomatic treatment available offers minimal, if any benefit. Medications like acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (rivastigmine, galantamine, tacrine, and donepezil) and an NMDA receptor antagonist (memantine) are approved for their use in AD. Other symptomatic treatments like antidepressants for managing depression also have a role in AD.