Cancer

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Cancer
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Specialty scores for Cancer

Overview

Cancer begins in your cells, which are the building blocks of your body. Normally, your body forms new cells as you need them, replacing old cells that die. Sometimes this process goes wrong. New cells grow even when you don't need them, and old cells don't die when they should. These extra cells can form a mass called a tumor. Tumors can be benign or malignant. Benign tumors aren't cancer while malignant ones are. Cells from malignant tumors can invade nearby tissues. They can also break away and spread to other parts of the body.

Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for where they start. For example, lung cancer starts in the lung, and breast cancer starts in the breast. The spread of cancer from one part of the body to another is called metastasis. Symptoms and treatment depend on the cancer type and how advanced it is. Most treatment plans may include surgery, radiation and/or chemotherapy. Some may involve hormone therapy, immunotherapy or other types of biologic therapy, or stem cell transplantation.

NIH: National Cancer Institute

FDA Approved Medicines

  • FDA approved fentanyl citrate, sold as Lazanda, manufactured by Archimedes for the management of breakthrough cancer pain ( Cancer ) in year 2011.
  • FDA approved fentanyl buccal, sold as Onsolis, manufactured by BioDelivery Sciences for the management of breakthrough cancer pain ( Cancer ) in year 2009.
  • FDA approved palonosetron, sold as Aloxi, manufactured by MGI Pharma, Helsinn Healthcare for the prevention of nausea and vomiting associated with emetogenic cancer chemotherapy ( Cancer | Nausea | Vomiting ) in year 2003.
  • FDA approved granisetron, sold as Kytril, manufactured by Roche for the prevention of nausea and vomiting associated with cancer therapy ( Cancer | Nausea | Vomiting ) in year 2001.
  • FDA approved rasburicase, sold as Elitek, manufactured by sanofi-aventis for the management of plasma uric acid levels in adults with malignancies ( Cancer ) in year 2009.
  • FDA approved fentanyl sublingual tablets, sold as Abstral, manufactured by ProStrakan for the treatment of breakthrough cancer pain in opioid-tolerant patients ( Cancer ) in year 2011.
  • FDA approved naloxegol, sold as Movantik, manufactured by AstraZeneca for the treatment of opiod-induced constipation in adults with chronic non-cancer pain ( Cancer | Chronic Pain | Constipation ) in year 2014.
  • FDA approved fentanyl sublingual spray, sold as Subsys, manufactured by Insys Therapeutics for the treatment of breakthrough cancer pain ( Cancer ) in year 2012.