Following specialists treat Rheumatoid Arthritis. Help us improve our data based on your experience.
Specialty scores for Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory condition of the joints, where sufferers experience joint pain and swelling. It is more common in women than men, most frequently develops in middle age (as compared to degenerative osteoarthritis which is a disease of ageing) and has been estimated to affect around 2% of the adult population in North America . Rheumatoid arthritis is more likely to affect ‘small joints’ such as knuckles and is often symmetrical. Many sufferers complain that early morning is the most difficult time, with pain and stiffness easing later in the day.
Since its formal conceptualization in the 1940s, autoimmune disorders have attracted immersive debates from medical professionals, researchers, philosophers, social theorists and anthropologists. Through all these decades of untiring efforts, the understanding of the operational elements of autoimmunity has proved to be labyrinthine task, and current familiarity with the underlying disharmony represents the tip of the iceberg. Though many etiological theories have attracted the eyeballs, in the current context, autoimmune disorders are believed to arise due to molecular mimicry and hygiene hypothesis.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory condition that occurs as a result of an autoimmune process caused by the immune system. Antibodies are produced which attack the normal tissue covering the joints, called the synovium, and this results in persistent inflammation which results in swelling and leads to damage of the involved joints. The most commonly involved joints are those of the wrists, hands and fingers. Not only are joints involved, but so are other areas of the body such as the eyes, heart, lungs, blood vessels and the skin.
What exactly does the term "autoimmune" denote? In a normal state, the body's natural defense mechanisms serve to fend off disease-causing or foreign agents, called antigens. But when you have an autoimmune disorder such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), your immune system goes haywire and autoantibodies develop that start attacking and destroying body's own tissues.
The immune system plays a major role in protecting and preventing the individuals from foreign agents and infectious diseases; however, in some cases, immune system may become hyper-stimulated. In all such cases, activated immune cells begin to attack the normal human tissues to present with a wide variety of disturbing symptoms. This phenomenon is referred to as autoimmunity and these diseases are referred to as autoimmune disorders.
The thyroid is a gland responsible for producing thyroid hormones, which control our metabolism and affect virtually every function in the human body. All too often, the thyroid gland comes under attack by the body’s own immune system, a state known as autoimmunity. In autoimmune disease, antibodies are directed against normal tissues or cellular components.