Insulin vs. Glucagon: The relevance of dietary protein

Pancreas is a complex glandular organ and situated intricately and in close association with the liver and the duodenum. Functionally, the organ pancreas is a collaboration of two types of glands (1). The major portion of the pancreas comprises of ‘exocrine’ cells which are involved in the production of digestive enzymes. These enzymes flow into narrow tunes called ducts which merge together to form the single major pancreatic duct. The pancreatic duct opens into the first part of the duodenum (small intestine) and empties out the enzymes.

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How Nano Technology can improve cancer care

Nanotechnology is a marvel of advanced scientific research, virtually providing the possibility of maneuvering things molecule by molecule, or cell by cell. Based on the length scale 'nano,' which is a billionth of a meter, Nanotechnology has arisen to quench our incessant need to miniaturize our technologies and to find exemplary and precise solutions. It has propositioned itself to behave as the ‘Operating System’ of the next generation cancer care.

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“Tri-specific” antibodies and the fight against HIV

HIV is the abbreviation by which most of us know Human Immunodeficiency Virus. First identified in the 1980s this hugely effective virus attacks the immune system, resulting in the development of the “Acquired Immunodeficiency syndrome”, or AIDS. Estimates suggest that around 36.7million people are living with HIV, and since the start of the epidemic, 35 million people have died of AIDS-related illnesses. The disease continues to be a killer, with around 1 million people dying from AIDS-related illnesses in 2016 [1]

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Is A Gluten-Free Diet Actually Good For You?

Walking into any supermarket, it’s hard to ignore a relatively new food label plastered on so many food items: Gluten-Free! Whether it is in restaurants or the in-flight dinner menu, gluten-free options are available. Is this just another health trend? Is it actually necessary to follow this diet? And, what IS gluten, anyway? 

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Body mass index and mild cognitive impairment

The number of people affected by dementia is rising. In the main this can be attributed to an ageing population; however, with over 24 million people affected worldwide [1] a huge amount of interest is focused on improving our understanding of the disease. One particular area of interest is in attempting to uncover additional risk factors which may predispose towards developing this devastating condition. Some of these are well understood – for example age, family history and diabetes [2]. A huge range of factors continue to be investigated, including weight, diet and exercise in middle-age, smoking, alcohol consumption and social interactions. The so-called ‘modifiable’ risk factors are among the most interesting, as these may provide information on how individuals can help protect themselves from dementia in later life [3].

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Schizophrenia: The Potpourri of Personal Tragedies

Schizophrenia is a serious mental disorder that confines the sufferer in a crippling cocoon of a dysfunctional mind. Many of us have suffered at least one symptom, some time in our lives, from the intricate and detailed spectrum of schizophrenia. Indeed, schizophrenia is a personal tragedy that affects 1 in 100 people in their life time. An estimated 300,000 Americans are diagnosed with Schizophrenia each year1. As per the estimates, two million Americans have the diagnosis of schizophrenia. The term ‘Schizophrenia’ was introduced by Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler in 19112, which meant in German a splitting of the different parts of the thought process. Highest known risk factor is having a family member affected with Schizophrenia. Risk of schizophrenia in a person is 9 in 100 if the mother has the disease. Similarly, the risk is approximately 7 in 100 if the father, brother, or sister has schizophrenia.

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10 newsworthy topics in the field of healthcare in 2017

2017 was dominated mainly by issues pertaining to politics, international events, and natural disasters but a few medical and health-related topics did manage to get people’s attention. 10 of some of the most newsworthy topics regarding diseases, procedures and technological advances will be discussed briefly.

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Are you at risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis?

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory condition of the joints, where sufferers experience joint pain and swelling. It is more common in women than men, most frequently develops in middle age (as compared to degenerative osteoarthritis which is a disease of ageing) and has been estimated to affect around 2% of the adult population in North America [1]. Rheumatoid arthritis is more likely to affect ‘small joints’ such as knuckles and is often symmetrical. Many sufferers complain that early morning is the most difficult time, with pain and stiffness easing later in the day.

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Orphan Drugs: Promises, Pitfalls & the Path Ahead

In 1581 Rembert Dodoens, a Flemish physician and botanist, wrote a Latin book ‘Medicinaliumobservationum exempla rara, recognita et aucta’ which, for the first time in history, covered the diagnosis and treatment of diseases with a low prevalence1. He prepared an extensive list of some 200 rare diseases in the 16th century such as Calculus in vesica (stone in the bladder), Lapides in vessicafellis (gall stones), Catalepsis (seizure), Mania cum Melancholia affinitatemhabet (mania with melancholia) Vermis in vesica (worms in the bladder) and Vomitus sanguinis (vomiting blood).

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T Cell Lymphoma: Many Faces of the Slick Slayer

Thomas Hodgkin, a British physician and pathologist, heralded the era in which a pathologist was actively involved in the clinical decision making and care processes. He described Hodgkin's lymphoma in 1832, in a paper titled On Some Morbid Appearances of the Absorbent Glands and Spleen, but his work was recognized 33 years later through the eponymous use of the term ‘Hodgkin’s disease’ by British physician Samuel Wilks1, who rediscovered the disease.

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